aditi lanka, security services, vip bodyguard services, sri lanka
aditi lanka, security services, vip bodyguard services, sri lanka
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Aditi lanka

Aditi Securing Your Future

ACTIVE SHOOTER RESPONSE STRATEGIES

Profile of an Active Shooter

An Active Shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area; In most cases, active shooters use firearms(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims.
Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly.
Typically, the immediate deployment of law enforcement is required to stop the shooting and mitigate harm to victims.
Active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes, before law enforcement arrives on the scene, individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation.

  • Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers
  • Take note of the two nearest exits in any facility you visit
  • If you are in an office, stay there and secure the door
  • If you are in a hallway, get into a room and secure the door
  • Turn off your mobile phone or set in airplane mode
  • As a last resort, attempt to take the active shooter down
  • When the shooter is at close range and you cannot flee, your chance of survival is much greater if you try to incapacitate him/her

CALL 119

 

How to Respond When an Active Shooter Is in Your Close Vicinity

Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life.

Remember that customers and clients are likely to follow the lead of employees and managers during an active shooter situation.

 

Evacuate

  • If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the premises. Be sure to:
  • Have an escape route and plan in mind
  • Evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow
  • Leave your belongings behind
  • Help others escape, if possible
  • Prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter maybe
  • Keep your hands visible
  • Follow the instructions of any police officers
  • Do not attempt to move wounded people
  • Call 911 when you are safe

 

Hideout

If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the active shooter is less likely to find you. Your hiding place should:

  • Be out of the active shooter’s view
  • Get protection if shots are fired in your direction (i.e., an office with a closed and locked door)
  • Not trap you or restrict your options for movement

To prevent an active shooter from entering your hiding place:

  • Lock the door
  • Blockade the door with heavy furniture

If the active shooter is nearby:

  • Lock the door
  • Silence your cell phone and/or pager
  • Turn off any source of noise (i.e., radios, televisions)
  • Hide behind large items (i.e., cabinets, desks)
  • Remain quiet

If evacuation and hiding out are not possible:

  • Remain calm
  • Dial 119, if possible, to alert police to the active shooter’s location
  • If you cannot speak, leave the line open and allow a dispatcher to listen

 

Take Action Against the Active Shooter

As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:

  • Acting as aggressively as possible against him/her
  • Throwing items and improvising weapons
  • Yelling
  • Committing to your actions

 

How to Respond When Law Enforcement Arrives

  • Law enforcement’s purpose is to stop the active shooter as soon as possible.
  • Officers will proceed directly to the area in which the last shots were heard.
  • Officers usually arrive in teams of four (4)
  • Officers may wear regular patrol uniforms or external bulletproof vests, Kevlar helmets, and other tactical equipment
  • Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, handguns
  • Officers may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation
  • Officers may shout commands and may push individuals to the ground for their safety

 

How to React When Law Enforcement Arrives

  • Remain calm, and follow officers’ instructions
  • Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets)
  • Immediately raise hands and spread fingers
  • Keep hands visible at all times
  • Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as holding on to them for safety
  • Avoid pointing, screaming, and/or yelling
  • Do not stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating,
  • just proceed in the direction from which officers are entering the premises

The first officers to arrive at the scene will not stop to help injured persons. Expect rescue teams comprised of additional officers and emergency medical personnel to follow the initial officers. These rescue teams will treat and remove any injured persons. They may also call upon able-bodied individuals to assist in removing the wounded from the premises. Once you have reached a safe location or an assembly point, you will likely be held in that area by law enforcement until the situation is under control, and all witnesses have been identified and questioned. Do not leave until law enforcement authorities have instructed you to do so.

 

Information to Provide to Law Enforcement or 119 Operators:

  • Location of the active shooter
  • Number of shooters, if more than one
  • Physical description of shooter/s
  • Number and type of weapons held by the shooter/s
  • Number of potential victims at the location

 

Training Your Staff for an Active Shooter Situation

Prepare your staff for an active shooter situation, create an Emergency Action Plan (EAP), and conduct training exercises.

Together, the EAP and training exercises will prepare your staff to effectively respond and help minimize loss of life.

Components of an Emergency Action Plan (EAP).

Create the EAP with input from several stakeholders including your human resources department, IT department, other departments, and local law enforcement and/or emergency responders.

 

An Effective EAP Includes:

  • A preferred method for reporting fires and other emergencies
  • An evacuation policy and procedure
  • Emergency escape procedures and route assignments (i.e., floor plans, safe areas)
  • Contact information for, and responsibilities of individuals to be contacted under the EAP
  • Information concerning local area hospitals (i.e., name, telephone number, and distance from your location)
  • An emergency notification system to alert various parties of an emergency including: – Individuals at remote locations within premises – Local law enforcement – Local area hospitals

 

Components of Training Exercises

The most effective way to train your staff to respond to an active shooter situation is to conduct mock active shooter training exercises.
(ADITI will advise on designing training exercises)

  • Recognizing the sound of gunshots
  • Reacting quickly when gunshots are heard and/or when a shooting is witnessed:
  • Evacuating the area
    1. Hiding out
    2. Acting against the shooter as a last resort
    3. Calling 119
  • Reacting when law enforcement arrives
  • Adopting the survival mindset during times of crisis

 

Additional Ways to Prepare for and Prevent an Active Shooter Situation

  • Preparedness
    1. Ensure that your facility has at least two evacuation routes .
    2. Post evacuation routes in visible locations throughout your facility.
    3. Include local law enforcement and first responders during training exercises.
    4. Encourage law enforcement, emergency responders, SWAT teams, and bomb squads to train for an active shooter scenario at your location.

  • Prevention
    1. Foster a respectful workplace
    2. Be aware of indications of workplace violence and take remedial actions accordingly.

 

Additional Ways to Prepare for and Prevent an Active Shooter Situation

Your human resources department and facility managers should engage in planning for emergencies, including an active shooter scenario.
Planning for emergencies will help to mitigate the likelihood of an incident by establishing the mechanisms described below.

 

Human Resources’ Responsibilities

  • Conduct effective employee screening and background checks
  • Create a system for reporting signs of potentially violent behaviour
  • Make counseling services available to employees

 

Admin Manager Responsibilities

  • Institute access controls (i.e., keys, security system passcodes)
  • Distribute critical items to appropriate managers/employees, including:
    1. Floor plans
    2. Keys
    3. Facility personnel lists and telephone numbers
  • Coordinate with the security department to ensure the physical security of the location.
  • Assemble crisis kits containing:
    1. Radios
    2. Floor plans
    3. Staff roster, and staff emergency contact numbers
    4. First aid kits
    5. Flashlights
  • Place removable floor plans near entrances and exits for emergency responders
  • Activate the emergency notification system when an emergency occurs

 

Reactions of Managers During an Active Shooter Situation

Employees and customers are likely to follow the lead of managers during an emergency.
During an emergency, managers should be familiar with their EAP (Emergency Action Plan), and be prepared to:

  • Take immediate action
  • Remain calm
  • Lock and barricade doors
  • Evacuate staff and customers via a preplanned evacuation route to a safe area assisting individuals with special needs and/or disabilities
  • Ensure that EAPs, evacuation instructions, and any other relevant information address individuals with special needs and/or disabilities.
  • Identify options to address individuals with limited language proficiency.
  • Your building should be handicap-accessible.

 

Recognizing Potential Workplace Violence

 

An active shooter in your workplace may be a current or former employee or a friend/associate/colleague of a current or former employee.
Managers and coworkers may notice characteristics of potentially violent behaviour in an employee. Alert your Human Resources Department if you believe an employee or coworker exhibits potentially violent behaviour.

 

Indicators of Potential Violence by an Employee

Employees typically do not just “snap,” but display indicators of potentially violent behaviour over time. If these behaviours are recognized, they can often be managed and treated. Potentially violent behaviours by an employee may include one or more of the following (this list of behaviours is not comprehensive, nor is it intended as a mechanism for diagnosing violent tendencies):

  • Increased use of alcohol and/or illegal drugs
  • Unexplained increase in absenteeism; vague physical complaints
  • Noticeable decrease in attention to appearance and hygiene
  • Depression/withdrawal
  • Resistance and overreaction to changes in policy and procedures
  • Repeated violations of company policies
  • Increased severe mood swings
  • Noticeably unstable, emotional responses
  • Explosive outbursts of anger or rage without provocation
  • Suicidal; comments about “putting things in order”
  • Behaviour which is suspect of paranoia, (“everybody is against me”)
  • Increasingly talks of problems at home
  • Escalation of domestic problems into the workplace; talk of severe financial problems
  • Talk of previous incidents of violence
  • Talk of previous incidents of violence
  • Increase in unsolicited comments about firearms, other dangerous weapons, and violent crimes

 

Managing the Consequences of an Active Shooter Situation

After the active shooter has been incapacitated and is no longer a threat, human resources and/or management should engage in post-event assessments and activities, including:

  • An accounting of all individuals at a designated assembly point to determine who, if anyone, is missing and potentially injured
  • Determining a method for notifying families of individuals affected by the active shooter, including notification of any casualties
  • Assessing the psychological state of individuals at the scene, and referring them to health care specialists accordingly
  • Identifying and filling any critical personnel or operational gaps left in the organization as a result of the active shooter

 

Lessons Learned

To facilitate effective planning for future emergencies, it is important to analyze the recent active shooter situation and create an after-action report. The analysis and reporting contained in this report are useful for:

  • Serving as documentation for response activities
  • Identifying successes and failures that occurred during the event
  • Providing an analysis of the effectiveness of the existing EAP
  • Describing and defining a plan for making improvements to the EAP